The Constitution of Japan guarantees to equally entitle the fundamental human rights to foreigners who reside in Japan unless such rights only apply to Japanese citizens by their nature. Japan has concluded principal human rights treaties such as the International Covenants on Human Rights (the International Covenant on Economic, Social and cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights), the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Also, regardless of nationality, all residents in Japan are required to pay national taxes (such as income tax, sales tax, etc.) and local taxes (such as residence tax, etc.).