TIPS FOR APPLICANTS
Excerpt from Technical Training Guidebook for Technical Intern Trainees
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When looking at past problems, their major cause is attributable to the fact that both sending and accepting parties sent/accepted trainees and technical intern trainees without a proper understanding of the program. The aim of the program is not accepting unskilled laborers or those who want make money. This section explains several points to which those who wish to participate in technical intern training in Japan have to pay attention.
- Correct understanding of the TITP
The TITP’s objective is “human resource development,” where the participants of the program will utilize industrial and vocational skills acquired through technical intern training in Japan for the industrial development of their countries, after their return to home country. Therefore, it is necessary, for those who wish to participate in technical intern training in Japan, to understand properly the objective of the TITP and to be motivated to acquire skills.
- Learning basic Japanese
In order for a technical intern trainee to live a safe and healthy life in Japan and acquire industrial skills properly, it is extremely important for him/her to be able to understand Japanese. He/she might have to worry about problems alone due to difficulties in communicating with Japanese personnel at the accepting organizations. In order to avoid such situation, we recommend that you make it a habit of learning Japanese for a Under supervision and responsibilities of accepting organizations Pass the National Trade Skills Tests, Basic Grade 2 First year “Technical intern training (i)(b)” Second year Third year “Technical intern training (ii)(b)” “Technical intern training (ii)(b)” Lectures Acquiring skills at a company Technical intern training of approved occupation for transfer to technical intern training (ii) at the same company as first year Procedures to change the status of residence. Two months Laborrelated laws and regulations are applied 4 5 certain number of hours a day before coming to Japan and that you get used to Japanese pronunciation and basic expressions.
- Learning rules necessary for living in Japan
A technical intern trainee will live in Japan for a maximum of three years. Therefore, he/she needs to know the rules for living in Japan in advance. It is important to understand Japanese traffic regulations including rules when you ride a bicycle, because the number of traffic accidents has increased in recent years. It is also recommended that you learn how to use public transport systems, how to make an international call, how to do shopping, how to put out garbage, how to use banks and post offices. It is also necessary to separate your belongings from other people’s belongings in order to avoid problems.
- Being in good health
There are differences between Japan and your home country in many ways such as climate, natural environment, lifestyle, food, religion, national character, language. In order to adapt to life in Japan and concentrate on activities to acquire skills, you need to be in good health physically and mentally.
- Pay attention when signing the employment contract Under the new TITP which took effect on July 1, 2010, a technical intern trainee is required to sign an employment contract with an accepting company before entering Japan. Therefore, when you are selected as a technical intern trainee by a Japanese accepting organization after the final interview with them, you have to sign an employment contract with an accepting company. This section explains some points to which you have to pay attention when signing the contract:
- Confirmation of job information
After obtaining job information from a Japanese accepting organization, a sending organization starts recruiting technical intern trainee candidates. If you find that technical intern training meets your objectives, we recommend that you apply for a technical intern trainee after obtaining consent of your family. It is important to check the content of the job information upon applying for it. In particular, you should pay attention to the following points.
- Kind of work to be engaged in (type of occupation)
- The site where technical intern training will be implemented
- Working hours per day
- Working hours per week
- Estimated wage per month
- Various deduction amounts
- Signing of employment contract with Japanese accepting company
After you have applied for recruitment for technical intern trainee candidates, firstly sending organization conducts a simple written examination and interviews, and then accepting organization conducts a written examination, a skill test and interviews. If you pass these tests, you will sign an employment contract with a Japanese accepting company. The employment contract will come into effect when you start “the activities to acquire skills.”
- Confirmation of content of employment terms and conditions When signing an employment contract, accepting organization or accepting company will explain employment conditions in details. Please make sure that you understand the conditions that apply to you. If you cannot agree with conditions, it is recommended that you discuss it with accepting organization in order to change conditions which you can accept. If the offered conditions are acceptable to you, you will sign an employment contract, and also employment terms and conditions or the notice of employment. Signing employment terms and conditions means that you have had a full explanation on employment conditions from accepting organization and that you have fully understood them. The employment terms and conditions consist of the following items:
- Employment contract period
- Place of employment
- Kind of work (occupation, selective work)
- Working hours, etc.
- Days off and leave
- Termination of employment
- Social insurance, labor insurance, medical examination
- Signing of contract with sending organization
In tandem with signing of an employment contract with a Japanese accepting company, a technical intern trainee candidate who has passed final examination, will sign a dispatch contract with a sending organization. This dispatch contract stipulates rights of technical intern trainees and matters to be complied with. The treatment of a trainee in Japan stated in this contract must correspond to the content provided in the employment contract of accepting company.
- Treatment during lecture period
Since, lectures given by accepting organizations just after entry into Japan, commence before accepting companies start implementing technical intern training based on employment contract, accepting organizations pay, as allowance for lectures, living costs that technical intern trainees need during lecture period. When you sign an employment contract with an accepting company, please check the amount of monthly allowance for lectures. Allowance for lectures is not subject to income tax, because it is not a wage.
- Confirmation of job information